The Holy Spirit

We believe the Holy Spirit is God, the third person in the Trinity. He presently enables the children of God to serve Him and live for Him. He progressively transforms them into the image of Christ and delights to exalt Him.

 

Detailed Beliefs

 

We believe that the Holy Spirit is the third Person in the Tri-unity of God (Matt 28:19; 2:Cor 13:14). He is a personal being (Zech 4:6), possessing intelligence (Rom 8:26-27), purpose (Isa 11:2), self-consciousness (1 Cor 2:11) and actions associated with rational behavior (Acts 8:29; 13:2; Rom 8:26; 1 Cor 2:13; John 15:26). He is called God (Acts 5:1-4) and possesses the attributes of God: omniscience (1 Cor 2:10-11), omnipresence (Psalm 139:7-10), omnipotence (Luke 1:35; Rom 15:19), eternity (Heb 9:14) holiness (Eph 4:30), truth (1 John 5:7) and life (Rom 8:2). He performs the works of God: creation (Job 33:4), regeneration (John 3:3-8), sanctification (2 Thess 2:13), inspiration of the Scriptures (2 Pet 1:21), conception of the human nature of Christ (Luke 1:35) conviction of sin (John 16:8). He is co-equal with the Father and Son with respect to essence (2 Sam 23:2-3; 1 Cor 3:16) and subordinate to the Father and the Son with respect to function (John 14:26; 15:26).

 

In relation to the OT saint, the Spirit temporarily filled certain individuals (1 Sam 16:14; Psalm 51:11) in order to perform craftsman skilled tasks (Exod 31:3; 38:3), to administer as a leader (Num 11:17,25; 27:13; Judg 3:10; 11:29; 13:25; 1 Sam 9:10; 16:13), to prophesy (Ezek 2:2), to write scripture (2 Peter 2:21), to instruct and rebuke (Neh 9:20) and to bestow superhuman strength (Judges 13:25; 14:6,9). Old Testament saints were not indwelt by the Holy Spirit (John 7:39; John 15:26) in that they were not regenerated (Rom 6:4-8; 6:10-11; 6:23; 5:21; 8:2; 8:9,10; Eph 1:22,23; Gal 3:14, 22-22; 4:4-6; 1 John 4:9; Acts 2:1-4, 33, 38 10:45).

In relation to the church age saint, the Holy Spirit permanently indwells (1 Cor 6:19) all believers (Rom 8:9; 1 Cor 3:16). He baptizes the believer into Christ (1 Cor 12:13), He is the efficient agent in regeneration (John 3:5, Titus 3:5), filling (Eph 5:18), sanctification (Rom 15:16; 2 Thess 2:13), interceding (Rom 8:26), sealing (Eph 1:13; 4:30), and in the bestowing of spiritual gifts (1 Cor 12:11). The gifts of the Spirit (Heb 2:4) are Spirit-energized abilities (1 Cor 12:3) sovereignty distributed by God (Heb 2:4) to all Christians (1 Cor 12:7; 1 Pet 4:10) whether temporal or permanent, for the edification and proper functioning of the local (Eph 4:11-13). We believe that the sign gifts such as touges, healing and prophecy were associated with the inception of the church age and are temporary in nature. We do not hold that there are for today.

In relation to Christ, the Spirit wrought the conception of the human nature of Christ (Luke 1:34-35). The Spirit anointed Christ at His baptism (Matt 3:16; Isa 11:2), led Him (Luke 4:1), filled Him (John 3:24), enabled Him to preach (Luke 4:18) and to perform miracles (Matt 12:28; Acts 10:38). The Spirit sustained Christ through His sufferings (Heb 9:14) and raised Him from the dead (Rom 8:11).

 

In relation to the world, the Holy Spirit restrains the effects of sin (2 Thess 2:6), effects an orderly society (1 Tim 2:1-2), promotes a general fear of God (2 Kings 12:2), bestows natural blessings (Gen 30:27; 39:5; Psalm 145:9, 15-16), convicts of sin (Jude 15) and directs men to the LORD (Acts 17:26-27).The Spirit will regenerate (Ezek 37:1-14) and indwell believers during the Millennium (Jer31:33; Ezek 36:26-27). The activity of the Spirit will be clearly manifest at that time (Joel 2:28-29; Ezek 39:29; Isa 32:15-18; 44:3; 59:21; )